AGE Upper or rising.
AGE-HAISOKU-UCHI Rising instep strike.
Raising your instep into your attackers groin. Usually combined with a knee
kick. It is used in the Kata Nijushiho. This is an effective "close-in"
AGE-UKE Upper rising block. A basic block to a
AGE-ZUKI Rising punch. Also called Age Tsuki.
AGE-EMPI-UCHI Upward elbow strike or
rising elbow strike. Also referred to as Tate Empi Uchi (vertical elbow
AGO Jaw or chin, as in mouth.
AGURA-WO-KAKU Informal sitting. This is
sitting with the legs crossed.
AI-KAMAE Harmony posture. This is in relation
to your opponent when you are in matching stances. ie. both have the right
AI-KI Harmonious spirit. This is where you
integrate all your movements, breathing etc. to exactly match your opponents
and you then control him from it. It is also called "Spirit Meeting" or
AIKIDO The way of harmony.
AITE Opponent or partner.
AITE-NO-TSUKURI Conditioning of your
opponent or partner. This is the preparing or setting up of your opponent in
order to execute your technique so that it is most effective. Once you have
got him in the most advantageous position for you, you then execute your
AIUCHI Simultaneous strike.
AKIRESU-KEN Achilles tendon. The large
tendon at the back of the foot.
ANANKU An Okinawan Shorin Ryu Kata, meaning
light from the south.
ANTEI Balance, stability or equilibrium. Also see
ASHI (1) Foot or Leg.
ASHI (2) One leg or single leg.
ASHI-ATE Foot strikes or leg strikes. These
are methods of attacking with the knee, ball or edge of the foot, heel, etc.
ASHI-BARAI Foot or leg sweep. Also called
ASHI-DACHI Single leg stance, a general term
for one leg stances. See also Sashi Ashi Dachi, Tsuru Ashi Dachi and Sagi
ASHI-FUMIKAE Changing feet.
ASHI-GAKE Used in the Kata Bassai Sho, where
you hook your foot behind your attackers and then pull your foot back in
towards you pulling your attackers foot with you, pulling him off balance.
This is different to an Ashi Barai because this is not done in a sweeping
ASHI-HARAI Foot or leg sweeping, another
name for Ashi Barai.
ASHI-HISHIGI Leg lock or crunch. You apply
pressure to your opponents lower calf in order to pin him to the floor.
ASHI-SABAKI Foot work or foot movement.
ASHI-WAZA Name given to all leg and foot
ASHI-YUBI Toes. Ashi meaning "of the foot"
and Yubi being "the digit".
ASHIBO-KAKE-UKE Leg hooking block, in
which the leg is raised to the side and swung in a circle to deflect an
opponents side kick to the abdomen.
ASHIKUBI Ankle. Ashi means "of the foot" and
Kubi means "of the joint".
ASHIKUBI-KAKE-UKE Ankle hooking
block. Normally used to block a front kick. It is similar in motion to
ASHIZOKO Bottom foot. You use this to sweep
your opponents foot during Ashi Barai.
ATAMA Head, or the top of the head.
ATE Strike or striking.
ATE-WAZA Striking or smashing techniques.
ATEMI Body strike or striking.
ATEMI-WAZA Body striking techniques that are
normally used in conjunction with grappling and throwing techniques.
ATERU To place, to put, or to hold.
ATO-UCHI Delayed strike or feint. A feint must
cause your opponent to believe that the attack is going to hit him and
therefore cause him to move his guard and try to block it, which in turn
will give you your target area..
AU To meet. This means to encounter an opponent, be
it in the Dojo or "on the street".
AWASE-AGE-UKE Combined upper rising
block, both arms coming up together performing the block. It is seen in the
Kata Bassai Dai. It can also be used as a defence when someone attempts a
two handed grab.
AWASE-HIKI-TSUKAMI Combined pulling
grasp, As seen in the Kata Heian Godan after the hand pressing block.
AWASE-KOKO-UKE Combined tiger mouth
block, as seen in the Kata Empi. A good technique against a Jo or Bo attack.
round house hooking block. Seen in the Kata Nijushiho. This technique can
also be used to unbalance or throw your attacker.
AWASE-MAWASHI-UKE Combined roundhouse
block, as seen at the start of Kata Kanku Dai.
AWASE-SHUTO-AGE-UKE Combined knife
hand rising block. As seen in the Kata Chinte. The thumbs touch forming a
AWASE-UCHI Combined strike. A general term
for all combined strikes.
AWASE-UKE Combined block. A general term for
all combined blocks.
AWASE-WAZA Combined techniques.
AWASE-ZUKI U-punch. Also referred to as
AYUMI Step or pace.
AYUMI-ASHI Stepping foot, a method of
footwork, where the feet move alternatively one ahead of the other each
sliding along the floor.
AYUMI-DACHI A stance found in ItosuKai
Shito-Ryu. It is a natural "walking" stance with the weight over the center.
BARAI Sweep, sometimes seen as
BASSAI-DAI To penetrate a fortress (greater
of pair). Normally taught once third Kyu has been obtained. This Kata was
originally called Passai.
BASSAI-SHO To penetrate a fortress (lesser
of pair). A technically more advanced Kata than Bassai Dai. The Kata is
notable for its leg sweeps and blocks against a staff or Bo.
BETEI The bones at the base of the spine.
BO Staff. A long stick used as a weapon
(approximately 6 feet long).
BO-UCHI Bo strike. A general term for any
strike using a Bo.
BO-UKE Bo block, a block against an attack from
a Bo. This is a general term that covers any block against a Bo attack.
BO-WAZA Bo techniques.
BO-JUTSU Wooden staff art.
BOGU (1) Protective equipment. ie. hand mitts.
BOGU (2) Body armour.
BOGU-KUMITE (1) Sparring wearing protective
BOGU-KUMITE (2) A method of fighting
BOGYO-ROKU-KYODO Six defence actions.
A basic drill of the Japan Karate-Do Ryobu-Kai. Uses the old names of
BOKKEN A wooden sword. It resembles a Katana and
is used for practice.
BUDO Martial way. In Karate, there is an
assumption that the best way to prevent violent conflict is to emphasize the
cultivation of individual character. The way (Do) of Karate is thus
equivalent to the way of Bu, taken in this sense of preventing or avoiding
violence so far as possible.
BUGEI Martial arts.
BUNKAI A study of the techniques and
applications in Kata.
BUSHI-TE Warrior hands. One of the old names
BUSHIDO Way of the warrior. Bushi meaning
"warrior" and Do meaning "way of".
BYOBUDAOSHI To topple a folded screen. This
is a throwing technique where you step your leg behind your attackers front
leg and at the same time that you sweep his leg you attack his chin with
your open hand pushing his head back in the opposite direction that which
his leg is being swept in.
CHIKARA Power or strength.
CHINTE Strange hands. A higher grade Kata.
Master Funakoshi named this Kata Shoin. The Kata originally came from China.
CHINTO An Okinawan Shorin Ryu Kata, meaning
fighting to the east. The old name for the Kata Gankaku, which means "crane
on a rock". Funakoshi changed its name.
CHOJI-DACHI "T"-stance, this is an old name
for what is now called Teiji Dachi. It is a stance where the feet form the
shape of a "T".
CHOKKAKU Right angle.
CHOKU-ZUKI Straight punch. This is a punch
that is normally practised from the standing position and is generally the
first punch taught in Karate. It is seen used in the Kata Bassai Dai.
CHOWA Harmony. The harmonious mental and physical
reaction while at practice.
CHOWASURU To have harmony with opponent, to
harmonise movements in Kata demonstrations etc.
CHOYAKU-HANGEKI Jumping counter attack.
CHUDAN Mid-Level or mid-section. If called prior
to an attack it indicates that the attack will be to the stomach area.
CHUDAN Middle area.
CHUDAN-BARAI-UKE Middle level sweeping
block. The same as a Gedan Barai Uke but used against a middle level attack.
CHUDAN-CHOKU-ZUKI A straight punch to
the mid-section of the opponent's body.
CHUDAN-NO-KAMAE Middle level posture,
or middle level guard. A freestyle posture where your hands are held at
level palm heel circular strike. Used in the Kata Chinte.
CHUDAN-UCHI-UDE-UKE Middle level
inside forearm block. A basic Shotokan block. Also see Uchi Ude Uke.
CHUDAN-UDE-UKE Middle level forearm
block, blocking an attack to the mid-section.
CHUDAN-UKE Middle level block. A general
term for middle level blocks.
CHUDAN-ZUKI A punch to the mid-section of
the opponent's body.
CHUSOKU Ball of foot.
COUNTING-IN-JAPANESE 1. Ichi 2. Ni
3. San 4. Shi 5. Go 6. Roku 7. Shichi 8. Hachi 9. Ku or Kyu 10. Ju 20. Niju
30. Sanju 40. Yonju 50. Goju 60. Rokuju 70. Nanaju 80. Hachiju 90. Kuju 100.
DACHI Stance or position. Also
referred to as Tachi.
DAI Lesser or minor. (the term describes the
movements of the Kata rather than its importance).
DAN Level, rank or degree. A black belt rank.
Grades under black belt are known as Kyu grades. Most associations recognise
up to 10 levels of black belt.
DAN-ZUKI Consecutive punching (same hand).
This can be effective if done quickly because your opponent will not expect
a second punch from the same hand.
DANCHU Summit of breast bone or sternum. A good
technique to drop your opponent to the floor is to push your fingers down
behind the top of the sternum.
DEAI Encountering. see Deai Osae Uke.
DEAI-OSAE-UKE Pressing block, stepping in
at the time, or encountering as the attack comes forward, or suppressing it.
DEASHI-BARAI Advanced foot sweep.
Sometimes seen as Deashi Harai.
DENKO The area between the seventh and eighth
DO (1) Way or path. In Karate, the connotation is
that of a way of attaining enlightenment or a way of improving one's
character through traditional training.
DO (2) Torso or trunk of body.
DO (3) Movement or activity.
DO-KYAKU Moving leg.
DOGU Tools, equipment, instruments, etc. All of
the pieces of equipment used in martial arts practice.
DOJI-WAZA Simultaneous techniques. Used to
describe any time that techniques are performed simultaneously.
DOJO Literally "place of the way." Also "place of
enlightenment." The place where we practice Karate. Traditional etiquette
prescribes bowing in the direction of the designated front of the Dojo
(Shomen) when entering or leaving the dojo.
DOJO-KUN School oath, or standard of the
DOKAN The ring of the way; repetition, constant
DOKKO The Mastoids. Found by pressing up behind
the base of the ears.
Japanese for "thank you very much." At the end of each class, it is proper
to bow and thank the instructor and those with whom you've trained.
DORI (1) Practice.
DORI (2) Pull or hold.
DOSHU Master or master of the way.
EKU A wooden oar used by the
Okinawans which was improvised as a weapon.
EMBUSEN Performance line, the floor pattern of
a given Kata. All Shotokan Kata will start and finish on the same spot.
EMPI (1) A black belt level Kata, translated as
"Flying Swallow". This Kata was originally called Wanshu. It is named after
a flying swallow because the alternate high and low attacks that are seen in
it are said to resemble a swallow in flight. It is considered to be one of
the oldest Kata.
EMPI (2) Elbow. Sometimes referred to as Hiji.
EMPI-SURI-UKE See Hiji Suri Uke.
EMPI-UCHI Elbow strike (also called Hiji Ate)
EMPI-UKE Elbow block. A general term for the
blocking action using the elbow.
EN-SHO Round heel, an alternative name for
ENGETSU-UKE Circular foot block.
ENOREI Relax. You may also see this as Enoy.
ENOY Relax. See Enorei.
ENPI Elbow, normally spelt as Empi.
ENSHIN Centre of a circle or circular.
ERI Lapel, as in the lapel on a Gi.
ERI-SEOI-NAGE Lapel shoulder throw.
People often think that there are no throws in Karate, yet the earliest
Karate books demonstrate throws as Karate techniques.
ERI-TSUKAMI Lapel grab.
FU-ANTI Instability or lack of
FUDO-DACHI Immovable stance or rooted
stance. Also referred to as Sochin Dachi.
FUKAI Hold strongly.
FUKURAHAGI Calf (of the leg).
FUKUTO The outside of the lower part of the
FUMI-WAZA Stamping techniques.
FUMIKIRI-GERI Cutting kick. A stamping
style kick using the edge or blade of the foot to strike with. A good
technique for striking in to an opponents wind-pipe when he is on the floor.
FUMIKOMI-GERI Stamping kick. Usually
applied to the knee, shin, or instep of an opponent.
FURI Swing or circular or round.
FURI-KOSA-BARAI Circular cross sweep,
It is used in the Kata Nijushiho.
FURIAGE Swing up.
FURIKAERU Turn (look) round, rotate and look
FUSE Defence or ground.
FUSHI Joint, knuckle.
FUSHO Injury, wound.
GAESHI Counter. This is also
GAI-WAN Outer arm, part of the forearm located
on the side opposite the thumb.
GAN Eye. You may also see this as Gansei. .
GANCHU Area below the nipples.
GANKAKU "Crane on a rock", a Kata from Shotokan
GANKAKU-DACHI Crane stance, sometimes
referred to as Tsuru Ashi Dachi and Sagi Ashi Dachi.
GANKAKU-KAMAE Crane posture, as used in
the Kata Gankaku. The legs are in Tsuru Ashi Dachi and the arms in Manji
GASSHUKUA Special training camp.
GEDAN Lower level or lower section. If called
prior to an attack it indicates that the attack will be to the lower area of
GEDAN-BARAI Lower level sweep. A basic
karte block. Normally the first move students make prior to going on to do
their combinations, one of the reasons for this is so that the first move in
Karate is a block which demonstrates that Karate is for self-defence.
GEDAN-BARAI-UKE Lower level sweeping
block, usually shortened to Gedan Barai.
GEDAN-CHOKU-ZUKI A punch to the lower
section of the opponent's body, normally the groin.
GEDAN-JUJI-UKE Lower level X block. As
seen in the Kata Heian Yondan and others. Normally used to block a front
kick. The block should land after the attacker has raised his knee but prior
to his leg beginning to extend.
GEDAN-KAKE-UKE Lower level hooking
GEDAN-SHUTO-OSAE Lower level knife
hand press. As seen in the Kata Gojushiho Dai.
GEDAN-SOTO-UDE-UKE Lower level
outside forearm block, as seen in the Kata Tekki Nidan.
GEDAN-SUKUI-UKE Lower level hooking
block, as seen in the Kata Bassai Dai.
GEDAN-UDE-UKE Low forearm block.
GEDAN-UKE Lower level block.
GEDAN-ZUKI Lower level punch, usually
directed at the groin area.
GEKON The spot beneath the lower lip. Ippon Ken
is a good technique to use to attack this target.
GERI Kick, sometimes also seen as being spelt as
GERI-NUKE Best described as slipping through
the enemy by kicking.
GERI-WAZA Kicking techniques.
GERIGAESHI Return kick or kick counter.
After you have executed the kick and performed Gerihanashi you then
re-extend the kick back in to the target. This technique often works because
after you have put your first kick in which may have been blocked by your
opponent he doesn't expect the second kick to come from the same leg and
drops his guard to it.
GERIHANASHI Kick release. After executing a
kick you must withdraw the leg with the same speed as the kick went in. If
you leave your leg out after a kick it can be grabbed by your opponent who
can then easily break your supporting leg with a simple kick.
GI Training uniform. Traditionally in Japanese and
Okinawan Karate Dojo, the Gi must be white and cotton. The only markings
allowed are the organisation patch on the left breast area and the person's
name at the front bottom corner of the jacket.
GO-NO-SEN The tactic where one allows the
opponent to attack first so to open up targets for counterattack.
GOHON-KUMITE Five step basic sparring. The
attacker steps in five consecutive times with a striking technique with each
step. The defender steps back five times, blocking each technique. After the
fifth block, the defender executes a counter- strike and Kiai.
GOJU-RYU Hard, soft way. An Okinawan style of
GOJUSHIHO An Okinawan Kata, meaning 54 steps.
GOJUSHIHO-SHO-/-DAI Fifty Four
Steps. Two high grade Katas which were originally performed over fifty four
GOSHI Hip, sometimes is spelt as Koshi.
GOSHIN Self defence.
GYAKU Reverse or opposite.
GYAKU-ASHI Reverse foot or reverse leg.
GYAKU-HANMI Reversed side-on, half front
facing position. This stance is useful in assisting kicking off the back leg
as a counter move because the hip is all ready in.
round-house kick. Sometimes also called Ura Mawashi Geri. Instead of coming
from the outside in, the leg travels from the inside out.
roundhouse elbow strike.
GYAKU-MIKAZUKI-GERI Back or reverse
crescent kick, as seen in the Kata Empi. May also be seen as Ura Mikazuki
GYAKU-TE Reverse hand.
GYAKU-ZUKI Reverse punch. A basic Karate
punch. The punching hand is the opposite one to the leg that is forward.
HACHIJI-DACHI A natural stance, feet
positioned about shoulder width apart, and pointed slightly outward.
HADA Skin. also see Hifu.
HADASHI Bare feet.
HAI (1) Yes.
HAI (2) Lung.
HAI-WAN Back arm.
HAI-WAN-NAGASHI-UKE Back arm
sweeping block. Nagashi can mean "flowing" as in Nagashi Zuki, or "flowing
HAI-WAN-UKE Back arm block.
HAIMEN Back or rear side.
HAISHU Backhand or back of the hand.
HAISHU-AGE-UCHI Back hand rising
strike. Used in the Kata Nijushiho.
HAISHU-AWASE-UKE Backhand combined
block, the opening block in the Kata Gankaku. Also seen in Bassai Sho.
HAISHU-JUJI-UKE Backhand cross block.
HAISHU-UCHI Back hand strike. A strike with
the back of the hand where the hand and fingers are straight.
HAISHU-UKE Back hand block. A block using
the back of the hand.
HAISOKU Instep of the foot. The area at the
base of the shin bone and the top of the foot.
HAITO Ridge hand. Thumb extended across the palm
touching the base of the little finger and striking with the area just below
the base of the index finger to the first joint of the thumb. Often used
against the temple.
HAITO-KOSHI-KAMAE Ridge-hand hip
posture. The bottom hand is held as Seiken and the top hand is held in Haito
with the palm facing up.
HAITO-SUKUI-NAGE Ridge-hand scooping
throw. Used to counter a front kick. As you scoop the leg you bring it up
high, hopefully taking your attacker off balance and throwing him to the
HAITO-UCHI Ridge hand strike.
HAITO-UKE Ridge hand block.
HAJIME Begin. A command given to start a given
drill, Kata, or Kumite.
HAN-ZENKUTSU-DACHI Half front
stance, where the feet are only half the distance apart from the full
stance. Also see Moto Dachi.
HANGETSU A black belt level Kata, meaning half
HANGETSU-DACHI Half moon stance. It is
also known as wide hour glass stance.
HANMI Side on, half front facing position.
HANMI-SASHI-ASHI-DACHI Side on
or half front facing stepping across position, as seen in the Kata Hangetsu.
HANMI-KAMAE Half facing position.
HANSHI Master. An honorary title given to the
highest black belt of an organization, signifying their understanding of
HARA Abdomen, belly, means the same as Tandan.
HARAI Sweep or sweeping. Normally seen as Barai.
stamping kick, as seen in the Kata Bassai Dai.
HARAI-TE Sweeping technique with the hand.
HARAI-WAZA Sweeping techniques.
Scissor (forearm) block knee posture. Both forearms perform a scissor block
and at the same time the right knee raises attacking the groin.
HASAMI-GERI Scissor kick.
HASAMI-TETSUI-UCHI Scissor bottom
fist strike. Both bottom fists perform a scissor strike in to the sides of
your attackers body.
HASAMI-ZUKI Scissor punch.
HAYAI Quick, fast or rapid.
HAZUSHI Pulling away.
HAZUSHI-TE Pulling away hand, used to
describe the action of pulling your hand away, after it has been grasped.
HEIAN Peaceful mind or peace or tranquillity.
These five Kata were originally called Pinan. Funakoshi said that having
mastered these five Kata and all of their moves, you should now be confident
enough that you could defend yourself from attack and the meaning of the
name Heian is to be taken in this context.
HEIKO-DACHI Parallel stance. A natural
stance. Feet positioned about shoulder width apart, pointed straight
A heiko dachi stance, where the front foot is turned slightly inwards while
the rear foot is straight.
HEIKO-TATE-ZUKI Parallel vertical fist
punch, As seen in the Kata Gojushiho Dai.
HEIKO-URA-ZUKI Parallel close punch.
Used in the Kata Bassai Sho.
HEIKO-ZUKI Parallel punch. A double,
HEISOKU-DACHI An informal attention
stance. Feet and toes are together and pointed straight forward.
HENKA-WAZA Changing techniques.
HENTE Changing hands. This means changing your
blocking hand to your attacking hand, or your attacking hand to your
blocking hand. For example you block and then attack straight away with the
HENTE-WAZA Changing hands techniques.
HICHU The base of the throat, Adam's-apple or
projection of the thyroid cartilage of the larynx.
HIDARI Left or left side. Also spelt as Hadari.
HIDARI-JIGO-TAI Left defensive posture.
HIDARI-KAGI-KAMAE Left hooking stance
or posture, as seen in the Kata Heian Godan.
HIDARI-KAMAE Left posture. Used to
describe when your left side is forward in a stance.
Left diagonal evasion.
HIDARI-TE Left hand.
HIFU Skin. also see Hada.
HIJI Elbow, also known as Empi. Hiji is the older
HIJI-ATEMI Elbow strikes.
HIJI-UKE A blocking action using the elbow.
HIJI-WAZA Elbow techniques.
HIJI-ATE Elbow strike, also called Empi Uchi.
HIJIZUME Elbow joint.
HIKI Retract or pull back. Also sometimes spelt as
HIKI-ASHI Retracting leg, pulling your front
leg back so that it is level with what was the rear leg. ie. to avoid a
HIKI-TE The retracting (pulling and twisting)
arm during a technique. It gives the balance of power to the forward moving
technique. It can also be used as a pulling technique after a grab, or a
strike backward with the elbow.
HIKKAKU Scratch, to wound with the nails. This
is can be an application from the Kata Bassai Sho, where you bring your
fingers back across your attackers eyes.
HINERI Twist. Sometimes this is also seen spelt
HINERI-TENSHIN A move where you twist
and change your course, eg. when you twist your wrist out of the grip of
your opponent and at the same time change your body course. It is seen in
the Katas Heian Sandan and Kanku Dai.
lateral elbow strike.
HINERITE-UKE Twisting hand block.
HINERU Twist. Sometimes this is also seen spelt
HIRA Flat or level.
HIRA-HASAMI Flat scissors. Normally called
Koko or Tiger Mouth.
HIRA-NUKITE Level spear hand or level
piercing hand. This is when the palm is facing down.
HIRA-KOTE Level forearm. Centre of the outer
and inner forearms.
HIRAKEN Flat fist or fore knuckle fist, as in a
punch but with the knuckles extended. Also referred to as Hiraken Zuki.
HIRAKEN-ZUKI Fore-knuckle strike.
HIRATE Flat or level hand.
HIRATE-DE-UTSU Slap, as in open handed
HIRATE-OSAE-UKE Fore hand pressing
block, or flat hand pressing block.
HISHIRYO Think without thinking; consciousness
HITAI Brow or forehead.
knuckle fist, more commonly seen as Ippon Ken.
finger fist. Normally called Ippon Ken.
HIZA Knee or lap.
HIZA-DACHI One knee stance. Half or single
kneeling position. As seen in the Kata Gankaku.
HIZA-GERI Knee kick.
HIZA-UKE Knee block, A blocking action using
HIZA-WAZA Knee techniques.
HIZAGASHIRA Knee cap.
HIZAGASHIRA-GERI Knee cap kick.
HIZAKANSETSU Knee joint.
HIZATSUI Knee hammer.
HIZKEN-GERI Knee fist kick. Another name
for Hiza Geri.
HO Step or pace.
HOMBU-DOJO A term used to refer to the
central dojo of an organisation.
HON Basic or fundamental.
HORAN-NO-KAMAE "Egg in the nest posture"
or ready position used in some Kata where the fist in covered by the other
hand. Another way of explaining this position is that empty hand (karateka)
over comes angry fist (A non-karate person). It is also called wrapped fist.
HANGETSU Half moon. A black belt Kata mainly
performed from Hangetsu Dachi. This Kata is sometimes seen spelt as
HANGETSU-DACHI Half moon stance. Also
seen spelt as Hangetsu Dachi.
IAI (1) Sparring which begins with
both the attacker and the defender seated and facing each other is called
IAI (2) Swordplay.
IAIDO Way of the sword.
IBUKI Breathing method.
ICHI (1) One.
ICHI (2) Position or location.
ICHIBYOSHI In one breath.
IIE No, that is incorrect.
IKKEN-HISSATSU To kill with one blow.
INASU Evasion of an on-coming attack through the
course of removing the body from the line of attack.
IPPON One point (in sport karate).
IPPON-DACHI Another term for a one legged
stance, also see Ashi Dachi.
IPPON-KEN One knuckle fist.
IPPON-KUMITE One step sparring.
IPPON-NUKITE One finger spear hand. A
stabbing action using the extended index finger. Normally aimed at the eyes
IPPON-ZUKI One finger thrust. Normally
called Ippon Nukite.
IRIMI to penetrate, to enter. Usually describes
moving closer to the opponent than the attack as you close in defence.
ISSHIN-RYU "One heart school" An Okinawan
style of karate.
JI-IN Temple grounds.
JI-ON From the temple of Ji-On. A higher grade
JIAI To be in harmony with one's self (start
position of Ji Katas). It said that it was a form of greeting used by the
monks at the temple of Ji-On.
JIAI-NO-KAMAE In harmony with one's self
posture, as seen at the start of the Katas Bassai Dai, Jion, Jiin etc. It
describes the state of mind that you should be in before you begin the Kata.
JIKU-ASHI Pivot leg.
JINCHU Philtrum, or the spot just under the
JION A Shorei-Ryu Kata.
JITTE Ten hands. A higher grade Kata. The
translation implies that if the Kata is mastered you can face ten opponents.
This Kata is unique in that there is not a single punch in it.
JIYU Freedom (of movement etc.).
JIYU-DACHI Free sparring posture.
JIYU-IPPON-KUMITE One step free
JIYU-KUMITE free sparring.
JO Wooden staff about 4'-5' in length. The Jo
originated as a walking stick.
JO-TSUKAMI-WAZA Jo grasping techniques.
JO-UKE Jo block, A block against a Jo.
JODAN Upper level. If called prior to an attack
it indicates that the attack will be to the head area.
JODAN-MOROTE-UKE Upper level augmented
forearm block. As seen in the Kata Ji-On.
JODAN-UKE Upper level block.
JO-DO Way of the 4 foot staff.
JOGAI Out of bounds.
JOSO-KUTEI Raised Sole.
JOTAI Upper Body.
JU Soft, gentle.
JUDO Gentle way.
JUJI-UKE Cross block or X block. Where the
arms cross and block at the base of where they cross.
JUJUSTU Art of gentleness.
JUN-KAITEN Regular rotation, corresponding
rotation. The hip and arm going in the same direction.
JUN-ZUKI (1) Corresponding punch. ie. punching
with the same arm as the leg that is forward.
JUN-ZUKI (2) The Wado Ryu term for Oi Zuki.
JUTTE (1) A Shorei Ryu Kata.
JUTTE (2) A forked iron truncheon.
KA Person or practitioner.
KACHI Win, victory.
KACHIKAKE Point on jaw. Also see Ago.
KAESHI Counter, the countering of an opponents
offensive action. Sometimes this seen spelt as Kaesu.
KAESHI-IPPON-KUMITE Returning one
step sparring, or countering one step sparring.
KAGI-UKE Hooking block.
KAGI-ZUKI Hook punch.
KAHANSHIN Lower half of the body.
KAISHIN Open heart, The beginning move of the
Kata Kanku Dai.
KAISHO Open hand. This refers to the type of
blow or block which is delivered with the open hand. It can also be used to
describe other hand blows in which the fist is not fully clenched or blocks
with an open hand.
KAISHO-KOSA-UKE Open hand cross block.
KAISHO-UKE Open hand block.
KAITEN Turn or rotate.
KAIUN-NO-TE Open the cloud. From the Kata
KAKAE-NAGE Trapping throw.
KAKAE-TE-UKE Trapping hand block
KAKATO Heel (of the foot)
KAKATO-GERI Heel kick or also known as Axe
Kick, striking with the back of the heel of the foot.
KAKE-DORI Hooking grasp or pull.
KAKE-TE Hooking hand.
KAKE-UKE Hooking block.
KAKE-WAZA Hooking techniques.
KAKIWAKE A two handed block using the outer
surface of the wrist to neutralize a two-handed attack, such as a grab.
KAKIWAKE-UKE Reverse wedge block. A two
handed block used when an attacker attempts to grab the front chest area of
KAKUTO (1) Bent wrist.
KAKUTO (2) Heel of hand.
KAKUTO-UCHI Bent wrist strike. Wrist joint
strike. Also known as Ko Uchi.
KAKUTO-UKE Bent wrist block. Wrist joint
block. Also known as Ko Uke.
KAMA Grass sickle (an Okinawan weapon).
KAMAE (1) Posture or stance. Sometimes spelt
KAMAE (2) Attitude.
KAMAE-TE A command given by the instructor for
students to get into position.
KAMI Hair. Kami Dori or Tsukami is Hair grab. Also
KAMI-TSUKAMI Hair Grab.
KAN Fighting awareness, or penetrating the true
nature of things.
KANJI The symbols of Japanese writing. Karate is
made up of two kanji. The first being the symbol for "Empty" and the second
symbol being for "hand".
KANKU-DAI A Shotokan Kata, meaning "To view
the sky" Developed from the Okinawan Kata Kusanku.
KANKU-SHO Viewing the sky. (Sho describes the
movements of the Kata rather than its importance)
KANSETSU Against the joint. Also used to
describe locking techniques against joints.
KANSETSU-GERI Joint kick, against a
joint. Often used against the knee.
KANSETSU-UCHI Joint strike.
KANSETSU-WAZA Against the joint
techniques, or locking techniques.
KAO Face, as in of the head.
KARA Empty. In Karate we use the Kara to imply
that we are weapon-less or empty handed. Also, Master Funakoshi said "that
the person who follows Karate must make himself void or empty by ridding
himself of all self-centredness and greed, making yourself empty within, but
upright without. This is the real meaning of the "empty" in Karate.
KARADA Body, physique.
KARATE Empty Hand. When Karate was first
introduced to Japan, it was called "To- De". The meaning of To De is Chinese
KARATE-NI-SENTENASHI A term which
sums up the essence of the art, it means "in Karate there is no first
KARATE-D0-NYUMON The first book
written by Gichin Funakoshi. It translates literally as "A passage through
the gates of the Karate way".
KARATE-DO The way of the empty hand. This
implies not only the physical aspect of Karate, but also the mental and
social aspects of Karate.
KARATE-KA A practitioner of Karate.
KARIKOMI Cutting in.
KASEI-GERI Under kick. It is kicking from
under your opponent. It is seen in the Kata Unsu.
KASUMI Temple on the side of the head. Also see
KASUSATSU The area between the fifth and
KATA (1) Form, figure or shape. In Karate, Kata is
a form or prescribed pattern of movement fighting imaginary opponents.
KATA (2) Shoulder.
KATA(3) Single or one.
KATANA A type of sword. It was the longer of the
two swords normally carried by a Samurai.
KATATE One hand or single hand.
KATATE-UKE One hand or single hand block.
KATSU (1) Win.
KATSU (2) A resuscitation technique.
KATSU (3) A type of loud shout, similar to a
KAWASHI "Interaction", In practice you pass
through your opponents attack, in effect exchanging places with him.
Stepping in towards the attacker, while turning (Kawasu) your body to avoid
the attack. Evasion.
KE-TSUKAMI Hair Grab. This could also be
KEAGE "Kick Up" Generally used to describe
snapping as opposed to thrusting kicks. See Keriage
KEBANASHI Kick off.
KEGA Injury or wound.
KEICHU Nape of the neck.
KEIKO (1) Training or practice.
KEIKO (2) Joined fingertips or Chicken Head
KEITO-UCHI Chicken head strike.
KEITO-UKE Chicken head block.
KEITO-UKE-NAGASHI Chicken head
KEKKAN Blood vessel.
KEKOMI Thrust kick (literally kick into or
straight). See Kerikomi.
KEMPO Fist Law. A generic term to describe
fighting systems that uses the fist.
KEN (1) Fist.
KEN (2) Sword.
KENDO Way of the sword.
KENSEI The technique with silent Kiai. Related
KENTSUI Hammer Fist Also known as Tetsui.
KENTSUI-UCHI Hammer fist strike. See also
KENTSUI-UKE Hammer fist block. Also know as
KERI Kick. Also called Geri when used with another
KERI-WAZA Kicking techniques.
KERIAGE Kick up, this is the original name for
a snap kick Keage.
KERIKOME Kick in, this is the original name
for a thrust kick or Kekomi.
KI Mind. Spirit. Energy. Vital-force. Intention.
(Chinese "chi") Ki cannot easily be translated directly into any language.
technique and body as one.
KI-O-TSUKE Attention. Musubi Dachi with open
hands down both sides.
KIAI A shout delivered for the purpose of focusing
all of one's energy into a single movement. One translation of Kiai is "the
expression of vital spirit". It is often translated as "spirit shout".
KIBA-DACHI Horse straddle stance or horse
riding stance. Also known as Naihanchi Dachi.
KIHON Basic techniques.
KIHON-IPPON-KUMITE Basic one step
sparring. The attacker calls the attack. The defender blocks and counters
the attack. All carried out in basics. Kihon Kumite would be basic sparring.
KIME Focus of power and concentration. Kime comes
about as a result of Shin-Gi- Tai.
KIN-GERI Front kick with the instep (aimed at
KIREI-TU Stand up.
KIRI Cut or repeat.
KIRI-KAESHI Repeated counter.
KISHO-IPPON-KUMITE Returning one
KIZAMI-GERI Jabbing kick. Also called
Kizami Mae Geri. It is a front kick off the front leg, thrown with a jabbing
KIZAMI-ZUKI Jabbing punch.
KO (1) Arc.
KO (2) Back.
KO-BO-ICHI The concept of "attack-defence
KO-EMPI-UCHI Rear elbow strike. Normally
called Ushiro Empi Uchi.
KO-UCHI Wrist joint strike. Also known as
KO-UKE Crane block or arch block. Same as Kakuto
KOBAYASHI-RYU "Small forest" An Okinawan
form of Shorin Ryu karate.
KOBUDO Ancient warrior art. Usually refers to
KOBUSHI Fist, in Karate Seiken is used.
KODENKO The base of the spine.
KOHAI A student junior to
KOHO Back, behind or rear.
KOHO-KAITEN-TOBI Rear turning jump, as
used in the Kata Empi.
KOHO-OSAE Rear grab. Often called a "bear
KOHO-TENKAN Reversing direction.
KOKEN Wrist joint or bent wrist.
KOKO Tiger mouth.
KOKO-HIZA-KUZUSHI Tiger mouth knee
pull down as seen in the Kata Nijushiho.
KOKO-OSAE Tiger mouth grasp.
KOKO-UCHI Tiger mouth strike. A strike using
the area between the thumb and index finger.
KOKO-UKE Tiger mouth block
KOKORO Spirit, heart. In Japanese culture, the
spirit dwells in the heart.
KOKOTSU The centre point of the fibula and
tibia (shin bone).
KOKUTSU-DACHI Back stance. A stance with
most of the weight over the rear leg. The actual translation means back knee
KOKYU Breath or breathing.
KOMANAGE Spinning top. This is a throwing
technique where you place your hand in the arm pit area of your attacker
whilst your other hand holds his wrist. You then force your opponent down.
KOMEKAMI The temple area of the head.
KOMI Near or against.
KOMPAI Peers, those of similar grade.
KORI The upper surface of the instep.
KOSA-DACHI Crossed stance referring to the
feet. or Kosa Ashi Dachi.
KOSHI (1) Ball of foot.
KOSHI (2) Hip or waist.
KOSHI-KAMAE Hip posture or stance. A stance
where the fists are held one above the other against the hip.
KOSHI-NO-KAITEN Hip rotation.
KOTE (1) Wrist.
KOTE (2) Back hand.
KOTE (3) Forearm.
KOTE-HODOKI-WAZA Wrist releasing
KOTE-UCHI Forearm strike.
KUBIWA Neck circle or "to encircle the neck".
This is a throwing technique where you encircle your opponents neck with
your arm and then force his head and body off balance backwards throwing him
to the ground.
KUBOTAN A self-defence tool developed by
Takayuki Kubota. This tool serves normally as a key chain.
KUMADE Bear hand.
KUMADE-UCHI Bear hand strike.
KUMITE Fighting or sparring
KUSAGAKURE The outside edge of the top of
KUSANKU An Okinawan Shorin Ryu Kata, named
after a Chinese Master.
KUSSU Bent. For example, Hiza Kussu is bent knee.
KUZUSHI Breaking or upsetting.
KYO Teach or teaching.
KYOEI Area below the armpits, approximately the
spot between the fifth and sixth ribs.
KYOSEN Solar plexus. Also called Suigetsu.
KYOSHI Knowledgeable person. Usually this title
is conferred at rokudan or shichidan, depending on system.
KYOTOTSU Base of breastbone or sternum.
KYU Grade. Any rank below Shodan.
KYUSHIN To study or seek. You may also see this
KYUSHO Vital points, or pressure points.
KYUSHO-WAZA Vital point
MA-AI Distancing. Distancing with
respect to one's partner. Since Karate techniques always vary according to
circumstances, it is important to understand how differences in initial
position affect the timing and application of techniques.
MA-AI-GA-TOH Not proper distance.
MAE Front or forward.
MAE-ASHI Front leg or front foot.
MAE-ASHI-GERI Front leg kick. A kick
delivered from your front leg.
MAE-EMPI Forward elbow strike.
MAE-EMPI-UCHI Front elbow strike.
MAE-GERI Front Kick. One of the basic Karate
MAE-GERI-KEAGE Front snap kick. Also
referred to as Mae Keage.
MAE-GERI-KEKOMI Front thrust kick. Also
referred to as Mae Kekomi.
MAE-HIJI-ATE Front elbow strike.
MAE-NI-ITE Going forward.
MAE-TOBI-GERI Front jumping kick or
flying front kick.
MAE-UKEMI Forward fall or roll.
MAKIWARA Punching board or post.
MAKOTO A feeling of absolute sincerity, which
requires a pure mind, free from pressure of events.
MANABU Learning by imitating. A method of
studying movement and techniques by following and imitating the instructor.
MANJI-KAMAE A double block where one arm
executes Gedan Barai to one side, while the other arm executes Jodan Haiwan
Uke, usually carried out in Kokutsu Dachi.
MANJI-UKE Another way of saying Manji Kamae.
MATA Top of the thigh.
MATSUKAZE The side of the neck.
MATTE Stop or wait.
MAWARI-KOMI Turning (like a top).
MAWASHI-EMPI-UCHI Round house or
circular elbow strike. Also referred to as Mawashi Hiji Ate.
MAWASHI-GERI Roundhouse kick. This kick is
considered to be a recent innovation and may explain why it is not seen in
MAWASHI-HIJI-ATE Roundhouse elbow
strike. Also referred to as Mawashi Empi Uchi.
MAWASHI-HIZA-GERI Roundhouse knee
kick. Done with the same action as a normal roundhouse kick but striking
with the knee.
MAWASHI-TOBI-GERI Roundhouse jumping
kick, or flying roundhouse kick.
MAWASHI-ZUKI Roundhouse punch. This punch
can be hooked around your opponents guard. It is not often used in Karate.
MAWAT-TE A command given by the instructor for
students to turn around.
MEIJIN Expert or master.
MEIKYO Polished mirror. A black belt Kata.
MEN Side, face or surface.
MIGAMAE Physical readiness.
MIGI Right or right side.
MIGI-KAMAE Right posture. Used to describe
when your right side is forward in a stance.
Right diagonal evasion
MIGITE Right hand.
MIKAZUKI (1) Crescent.
MIKAZUKI (2) The lower ridge of the lower
jaw, the mandible base.
MIKAZUKI-GERI Crescent kick.
MIKAZUKI-GERI-UKE Crescent kick
block, where the kick is used to block an attack.
MIKEN Summit of the nose in the centre of the
MIZO-NAGARE-KAMAE Water flowing
posture, Nagare also translates as "sweeping" in the same way that Nagashi
MIZU-NO-KOKORO Mind like water. A
psychological principle emphasising the need to calm your mind, like the
surface of undisturbed water, while facing an opponent.
MOKUSO Meditation. Training often begins or more
normally ends with a short period of meditation. The reason for this is to
clear ones mind and relax.
MOROASHI-BARAI Two leg sweep.
MOROTE Augmented, double or two handed.
MOROTE-JO-UKE Double handed Jo block.
MOROTE-KOKO-DORI Double tiger mouth
MOROTE-KOKO-UKE Double tiger mouth
MOROTE-KUBI-OSAE Two handed head or
neck hold, where both hands are used to grab either side of the opponents
MOROTE-SEIRYUTO-UCHI Two handed
Ox-jaw strike. Generally used against the collar bones.
MOROTE-UDE-UKE Augmented forearm block.
The opposite fist is placed close to the elbow of the blocking forearm.
Often called Morote Uke.
MOROTE-UKE Augmented block. One arm and fist
support the other arm in a block.
MOROTE-ZUKI Augmented punch or U-punch.
Punching with both fists simultaneously. Also referred to as Awase Zuki.
MUDANSHA Students without black-belt ranking.
MUNEN-MUSO Free of all idea's and thoughts.
You are therefore ready to learn, or act with a clear mind, dedicating
yourself to the task in hand.
MURASAME The front portion of the throat on
either side, just above the collar bone. The supraclavicular fossa.
MUSHIN No mind, or without mind. It indicates a
clear, calm spirit.
MUSUBI-DACHI Informal attention stance.
Heels placed together but with each foot turned out at 45 degrees.
MYOJO Area about one inch below the navel.
NAGARI Flowing stream or
current. It has the same meaning or translation as Nagashi. Also spelt as
Nagare or Nagareru.
NAGASHI Flowing, or sweeping.
NAGASHI-UKE Sweeping open handed block.
NAGE-WAZA Throwing techniques.
NAIHANCHI This was the original name for the
Tekki Katas, but was changed by Funakoshi.
NAIHANCHI-DACHI Kiba Dachi.
NAKADAKA-IPPON-KEN Middle finger one
knuckle fist. Sometimes also called Nakayubi Ippon Ken.
NAKAYUBI-IPPON-KEN Middle finger
fist. Normally called Nakadaka Ippon Ken.
NAMI-ASHI Inside snapping block, also known
as Returning Wave because of the motion of the leg. It is some times called
NEKO-ASHI-DACHI Cat stance.
NI Two or second.
NI-NO-KOSHI-NO-HYOSHI In two
NIHON-NUKITE Two finger spear hand.
Striking with the index and middle fingers, usually to the eyes.
NIHON-ZUKI Two consecutive puches from
NIJUSHIHO Twenty four steps. A black belt
Kata that is performed over twenty four steps.
NIKEITO-KAMAE Double chicken head
NO-MUKO-HOFAKU Facing opposite way.
NOGARE A style of breathing used in Karate that
advocates proper breath control even in the face of danger.
NUKITE Spear hand
NUNCHAKU An Okinawan weapon. Two lengths of
wood hinged together by cord. Was probably developed from a horse bridle
(and not rice flail).
OI-ZUKI Lunge punch.
OKINAWA One of a group of island South East of
Japan. Where karate was developed.
OKINAWA-TE An old name for what today is
known as Karate, also see To-De and To-Te.
OKURI-ASHI-BARAI Moving on-to foot
sweep. The opponents foot is swept out from under him as he steps forwards.
OMOTE-KOTE Front forearm or inner forearm.
ONAJI-WAZA Same technique.
OSAE Pressing or holding.
OSAE-UKE forearm pressing block.
OSHI Pressing. Also see Osae.
OSS A word peculiar to Karate; it is used as a form
of greeting, or "yes" etc.
OTOSHI Drop or dropping.
OTOSHI-EMPI-UCHI Dropping (downward)
elbow strike. An elbow strike made by dropping the elbow. Also referred to
as Otoshi Hiji Ate.
OYAYUBI-IPPON-KEN Thumb knuckle.
OYO-WAZA Applications "interpreted" from
techniques in Kata, implicated according to a given condition.
Okinawan Shorin Ryu Kata, whose meaning is unknown.
PINAN A series of five Kata formulated by Itosu.
REI (1) Bow, respect. A method of
showing respect in Japanese culture is the bow.
REI (2) Zero.
REIGI Etiquette. Also referred to as Reishiki.
Observance of proper etiquette at all times, especially observance of proper
REINOJI-DACHI A stance with feet making a
REISHIKI Etiquette. See Reigi.
REN Consecutive punches or kicks ie. Ren Zuki or
REN-GERI Consecutive kicking; alternate
kicking ie. left and then right.
REN-ZUKI Consecutive punching; alternate
punching ie. left and then right.
RENOJI-DACHI A stance with feet making a
"L" shape. If called as Migi Renoji Dachi then the right foot is in front,
and Hidari Renoji Dachi the left foot is in front.
RENRAKU Combinations. In relation to fighting
RENRAKU-WAZA Combination techniques.
Multiple attacks and defences performed in succession.
RENSHI "A person who has mastered oneself." This
person is considered an expert instructor. This status is prerequisite
before attaining the status as Kyoshi. Renshi means "has a name." Renshi is
no longer one of the many, so to speak. Renshi is usually given at yodan to
rokudan, depending on the system.
RONIN A leaderless samurai, he was seen as being
of low moral virtue.
RYO Both or both sides.
RYO-ASHI Both feet or legs.
RYO-KOSHI-KAMAE Both hip stance. A
stance where the fists are clenched and placed on the hips. So that the
bottoms of the fists are touching the hips.
RYO-SOKU Both sides.
RYO-TE Both hands.
RYU (1) School or Style. The literal translation of
Ryu is to flow, drift or circulate. It has been used to mean "Style" or
"Method" because of the way Karate was taught. In more primitive times, the
style was "handed down"-"circulated" from master to pupil.
RYU (2) Dragon.
SAEI-REI-TU Line up.
SAGETA-EMPI-UCHI Lowered elbow strike.
Normally called Otoshi Empi.
SAGI-ASHI-DACHI One leg stance or Heron
stance. Also referred to as Gankaku Dachi or Tsuru Ashi Dachi.
SAI An Okinawan weapon, a steel pronged truncheon.
SAKOTSU Collar bone.
SAN (1) Three.
SAN (2) Friend.
SANBON-KUMITE Three step sparring.
Usually the first attack is Oi Zuki Jodan, the second Oi Zuki Chudan and the
third Mai Geri.
SANBON-SHOBU Three point match. Used in
SANBON-ZUKI A series of three punches,
generally the first is Oi Zuki Jodan, followed by a slight pause then,
Chudan Gyaku Zuki, immediately followed by Chudan Choku Zuki.
SANCHIN The core Goju Ryu Kata, which
emphasises correct breathing.
SANCHIN-DACHI Hour-glass stance. So named
from the shape that the legs form.
SANKAKU Triangular. It translates as "three
SASAE Prop or propping.
SASHI-ASHI-DACHI Stepping across or
extending the foot.
SASHITE Raising of the hand either to strike,
grab, or block.
SEBONE Backbone, spine.
SEI Tranquillity or inactivity.
SEIDOKAN An Okinawan Karate system founded by
Soke Toma. It encompasses the punching, kicking and blocking techniques of
Karate; the throwing and joint locking techniques of Aiki-Ju-Jutsu;and the
traditional weaponry of Okinawa.
SEIDON The area above and below the eyes.
SEIKEN Forefist. This is the basic fist where
the fingers are rolled tightly in to the palm and the thumb presses on top.
The two largest knuckles are used to strike.
SEIKEN-ZUKI Fore fist punch.
SEIPAI An Okinawan Shorei Ryu Kata.
SEIRYUTO Ox jaw. The area on the hand
corresponding to the base of the Shuto.
SEIRYUTO-UKE Ox jaw block. A hand
technique delivered with the base of the Shuto.
SEISAN An Okinawan Shorin Ryu Kata.
SEISHIN Mind and spirit.
SEIZA Proper sitting position. Sitting on one's
knees. It is used for the formal opening and closing of the class.
SEMPAI A senior student.
SEMPAI A senior student.
SEN-NO-SEN To counter attack or attack at
the precise moment your opponent attacks you.
SENAKA The back.
SENSEI Literally "one who as gone before".
Teacher. It is usually considered proper to address the instructor during
practice as Sensei.
SENSEI-NI-REI Bow to teacher.
SEOI-NAGE Shoulder throw.
SHIHAN A formal title meaning master or master
instructor. A teacher of teachers. Generally a 5th Dan or above.
SHIKO-DACHI Square stance. A stance often
used in Goju-Ryu and Shito-Ryu.
SHIN Core, center.
SHINTAI Body, another expression for body.
SHITTSUI Knee hammer.
SHIZEN-DACHI Natural stance. A term used
to describe any natural stance.
SHIZENTAI Natural position. The body remains
relaxed but alert.
SHO (1) Major or Greater.
SHO (2) Palm, as in hand.
SHODAN A first level black belt.
SHOFU Side of neck.
SHOMEN Front or top of head. Also the designated
front of a Dojo.
SHOMEN-NI-REI Bow to the front.
SHOREI-RYU An Okinawan karate system which
originated in Naha.
SHORIN-RYU The major style of Okinawan
karate, meaning "Pine Forest" school.
SHOTOKAN A style of Karate. The name is
derived from the pen name that Gichin Funakoshi. The name is made up of
"Shoto", meaning Waving Pines, which was Funakoshi's pen name, and "Kan"
meaning House or School.
SHRUI-TE An ancient Okinawan style of karate -
the forerunner of Shorin Ryu.
SHUKO Back of the hand. Generally called Haishu.
SHUTO Knife hand.
SHUTO-TE Same as Shuto Uke.
SHUTO-UCHI Knife hand strike.
SHUTO-UKE Knife hand block.
SHUTSUI Hammer hand. See Tetsui.
SOBI The area on the inside of the lower part of
the leg, approximately at the base of the calf.
SOCHIN Immovable in the face of danger. A black
belt Kata mainly performed in Sochin Dachi.
SOCHIN-DACHI Diagonal Straddle Leg Stance
or Immovable Stance, also referred to as Fudo Dachi. In Sochin Dachi the
weight is evenly distributed over both legs.
SODA (1) The area between the shoulder blades.
SODE (2) Sleeve.
SOERU Attach or to attach.
SOESHO Palm on or palm assisted.
SOESHO-KAESHI-UDE Palm assisted
SOETE Hand on or hand assisted.
SOETE-MAE-EMPI-UCHI Hand on or hand
assisted front elbow strike.
SOETE-SOKUMEN-UKE Hand assisted side
SOKKO Top of the foot.
SOKUMEN Side or flank.
SOKUMEN-AWASE-UKE Side combined
SOKUMEN-EMPI-UCHI Side combined elbow
strike. The opponent is pulled onto the strike.
SOKUMEN-MOROTE-ZUKI Side double
SOKUMEN-SOETE-GEDAN-UCHI-UDE-UKE Side hand assisted lower level inside
SOKUTEI Sole of foot.
SOKUTEI-MAWASHI-UKE Sole (foot)
SOKUTEI-OSAE-UKE Sole (foot) pressing
SOKUTO Edge of foot. The striking area in a side
thrust or snap kick.
SOKUTO-GERI Edge of foot kick. Also called
SOKUTO-KAKE-UKE Hooking foot block.
Using the edge of the foot.
SOKUTO-OSAE-UKE Foot edge pressing
SONU Area between the throat and top of the
breastbone or sternum.
SOTO Outside, outer or exterior.
SOTO-(UDE)-UKE Outside (forearm) block.
SOTO-UDE-UKE Outside forearm block or
sometimes called lower wrist block.
SOTO-UKE Outside block, a shortened version of
Soto Ude Uke.
SOTO-YOKO-TE Same as Uchi Ude Uke.
SOTOJAKUZAWA The outer part of the forearm
where the pulse can be felt.
SOWAN Both arms.
SOWAN-UKE Both arm block.
SUASHI Bare foot.
SUBERKOMI Sliding in.
SUHADA Bare skin.
SUIGETSU Solar plexus.
SUIHEI Horizontal or level.
SUIHEI-BO-DORI Horizontal bo grasp.
SUJI Muscle fibre.
SUKUI Scooping or to scoop up.
SUKUI-TE Same as Sukui Uke.
SUKUI-UKE Scooping block.
SUNDOME No contact, arresting a technique.
SUNE-UKE Shin block. Generally used against a
SURI Sliding, as in Hiji Suri Uke or elbow sliding
SURI-ASHI To slide your feet along the floor.
SUTEMI-WAZA "Last chance" technique.
SUWARI-WAZA Techniques from a sitting
TACHI (1) A Japanese long sword.
TACHI (2) Standing or stance. Zenkutsu Tachi is the old term for
TACHI-WAZA Standing techniques.
TACHIKATA Stances. In some works you may see
TachiKata as a general term for karate stances.
TAI-SABAKI Body movement, shifting or
TAIKAKU Build or physique, body shape.
TAIKYOKYU First cause. The first Kata taught
in Shotokan Karate. Three Taikyo Kyu Kata were originally devised and all
share a common line of movement. Funakoshi noted that a beginner would take
appropriately 40 seconds to complete and a higher grade some 5 seconds less.
Taikyo Kyu 4, 5 and 6 are French inventions. some say that Taikyoku Kata
were originally from the Goju-Ryu and as the name implies, consist of nine
Kata. Funakoshi made the statement that if a student understood the concepts
of the Taikyoku Kata, then he should be able to understand the idea that you
begin with basics and return to basics.
TAIMING-GA-OSOI Not proper timing.
TAIRA-NA Level or even.
TAMESHIEARI To test and to break. Breaking
(of wood, tiles, etc.). Trial By Wood.
TANDEN Centre of gravity, naval area.
TANIOTOSHI To push off a cliff. This is a
form of shoulder throw where you step in to your attacker so that your
shoulder goes under your attackers same arm pit whilst holding on to his
TATAMI Floor mat.
TATE-EMPI-UCHI Vertical (or upward)
elbow strike. Also called Age Empi.
TATE-NUKITE Vertical spear hand, or
vertical piercing hand.
TATE-SHUTO-OSAE Vertical knife hand
press, used to push your attackers punching arm further round than in just a
block and therefore turning his body further away from you.
TATE-SHUTO-UKE Vertical knife hand
TATE-URAKEN-UCHI Vertical back fist
TATE-ZUKI Vertical punch. A fist punch with
the palm along a vertical plane.
TE-GATANA Hand sword, generally referred to
TE-GATANA-UCHI Hand sword strike,
generally referred to as Shuto Uchi.
TE-GATANA-UKE Hand sword block, generally
referred to as Shuto Uke.
TE-TSUKAMI Hand grasp.
TE-WAZA Hand techniques.
TE-NAGASHI-UKE Hand sweeping block.
Ususally called Nagashi Uke
TE-OSAE-UKE Hand pressing block. Usually
called Osae Uke.
TEIJI-DACHI A Stance with the feet in a "T"
shape. If called Migi Teiji Dachi then the right foot is forward, and if
termed Hidari Teiji Dachi then the left foot is forwards.
TEISHO Palm heel. The area at the base of the
TEISHO-BARAI Palm heel sweep.
TEISHO-UCHI Palm heel strike.
TEISHO-UKE Palm heel block.
TEKKI Horse riding. Originally called Naihanchi.
A group of three Katas each performed from Kiba Dachi or horse riding
TEKUBI-KAKE-UKE Wrist hooking block.
TEN-NO-KATA A Kata created and designed
under the leadership and guidance of Funakoshi. It is a Kata unique to the
TENCHI Heaven and earth. "Tenchi Uke" is to
simultaneously perform the same blocking technique, one high and one low.
TENDO The crown of the head.
TENSHIN Changing course. See Hineri Tenshin.
TENTO The space between the crown of the head and
TETSUI Hammer fist or bottom fist.
TETSUI-HASAMI-UCHI Bottom fist
scissor strike. As seen in the Kata Bassai Dai.
TETSUI-UCHI Bottom fist strike or hammer
fist strike. Also called Kentsui Uchi.
TO-DE An old Okinawan name for Karate, also see
Okinawa-Te and To-Te.
TO-TE To-te was an Okinawan form of Karate, also
see To-De and Okinawa-Te.
TOBI Jump or jumping.
TOBI-ASHI-BARAI Jumping foot sweep.
Used to clear the target area for Tobi Ushiro geri.
TOBI-GERI Jumping kick.
TOBI-TETTSUI-UCHI Jumping Bottom Fist
Strike. The normal target area would be the top of the head or the collar
TOBI-USHIRO-GERI Jumping back kick.
TOBI-ZUKI Jumping punch.
TOBIGOSHI Jumping over.
TOBIKOMI-ZUKI Jumping front punch.
TOKUI Favourite. ie. Tokui Kata would be your
TONFA A farm tool developed into a weapon by the
TORA Tiger. The animal that represents Shotokan
TOSHI Fighting spirit.
TSUBAMEGAESHI V-turning swallow. A
TSUGI-ASHI Following foot, a method of
moving where one foot follows the other, but never passes it.
TSUKAMI-UKE Grasping block.
TSUKAMI-WAZA Grasping technique. A
blocking technique by seizing the opponent's arm, leg or weapon.
TSUKAMI-YOSE Grasping and pulling.
TSUKI A punch or thrust. Also referred to as
TSUMASAKI Tips of the toes.
TSUMASAKI-GERI Kicking using the tips of
the toes to strike with. Only used to attack the soft parts of the opponents
body eg. groin.
TSUME Nail, of the fingers or toes. Used to cut
across the opponents eyes.
TSURU Crane, as in the bird.
TSURU-ASHI-DACHI Crane stance, also
referred to as Gankaku Dachi and Sagi Ashi Dachi.
TSUYOI Strong or powerful.
TUITE Grappling skills.
UCHI (1) Strike or striking.
UCHI (2) Inner or interior.
UCHI-(UDE)-UKE Inside (Forearm) block.
UCHI-DESHI Number one student, sometimes a
live-in student or trainee.
UCHI-KOMI Striking thrust.
UCHI-MAWASHI-GERI Inside roundhouse
UCHI-UKE Inside block. Generally used as a
short version of Uchi Ude Uke.
UCHI-YOKO-TE Same as Soto Ude Uke.
UCHI-HACHIJI-DACHI Inverted open leg
stance, or inverted figure eight stance. The feet are shoulder width apart
but with the feet facing inwards.
UCHIJAKUZAWA The inner parts of the
forearm where the pulse can be felt. Sometimes called Miyakudokoro.
UCHIKUROBUSHI The inside of the ankle
UCHITE Striking hand.
UDE-UKE Forearm block.
UDEKANSETSU Arm joint.
UE Top, as in "on", "above" or "over".
UKE (1) Block.
UKE (2) Receive.
UKE-GAE Changing blocks.
UKE-KIME Blocking and finishing.
UKEMI-WAZA Breakfall techniques.
UKETE Blocking hand.
UNKOKU Rhythm and fluidity of movement.
UNSOKU Moving (leg movement).
UNSU Hands in the cloud. A senior black belt Kata.
URA Reverse, rear, reverse side or back.
URA-MAWASHI-GERI Back or reverse round
URA-MIKAZUKI-GERI Back or reverse
URA-WAZA Reverse techniques.
URA-ZUKI An upper cut or close punch used at
short distance. Sometimes called Staz Zuki.
URAKEN Back fist.
URAKEN-UCHI Back fist strike. This is an
extremely fast technique although mechanically it is not as powerful as some
other hand techniques.
URAKEN-UKE Back fist block.
URAOMOTE Both sides, back and front.
USHIRO Back or rear.
USHIRO-ASHI-BARAI Rear leg sweep.
Sweeping an opponent's back leg.
USHIRO-EMPI-UCHI Striking to the rear
with the elbow.
USHIRO-GERI Back kick. Delivered with the
heel of the foot, the toes must point down.
USHIRO-KAKATO-GERI Back heel kick. A
good technique when in a "bear-hug". The target area would be your attackers
roundhouse elbow strike.
USHIRO-MAWASHI-GERI Back round
USHIRO-NI-ITE Going back.
USHIRO-OSAE-KOMI Best described a
"bear hug" from behind.
USHIRO-SURI-ASHI Rear sliding leg. The
movement of the rear leg to meet the front leg.
UTO The point at the base of the
nose between the eyes.
WA (1) Circle or ring.
WA (2) Peace.
WA-UKE Circle block, where the path taken is a
half-circle. At the end of the block the hand is angled slightly to the
WADO-RYU Way of peace school. A Japanese style
WAKI Side or flank.
WAKIBARA Side of the chest.
WAKIZASHI The shorter of two swords worn by
WANKAN A Shotokan Kata.
WANSHU An Okinawan Shorin Ryu Kata named after a
WANSHUN Top of outside edge of upper arm.
WASHIDE Eagle hand. Formally called Washi-te.
WASHIDE-AGE-UCHI Eagle hand rising
WASHIDE-OTOSHI-UCHI Eagle hand
WASHIDE-UCHI Eagle hand strike
WASHIDE-UKE Eagle hand
YAKO The inside of the upper
YAMA-UKE Mountain block.
YAMA-ZUKI Mountain punch. A wide U-shaped
YAME Finish or stop.
YASUME Rest. An instruction to the students to
relax, normally following a long series of drills.
YOI Ready, in a state of alertness.
YOKO Side or lateral.
YOKO-EMPI-UCHI Side elbow strike.
YOKO-GERI Side kick.
YOKO-GERI-KEAGE Side snap kick. Also
referred to as Yoko Keage.
YOKO-GERI-KEKOMI Side thrust kick.
Also referred to as Yoko Kekomi.
roundhouse elbow strike. Striking with the elbow to the side.
YOKO-TOBI-GERI Side jumping kick or
flying side kick.
YONHON-NUKITE Four finger spear hand. It
is more commonly called Nukite.
YORI-ASHI Sliding the feet, without legs
YUBI Finger or toe.
YUDANCHA (1) The collective name for all Dan
YUDANSHA (2) Black belt holder (any rank).
YUMI Bow, as in archery.
YUMI-ZUKI Bow punch, or called bow drawing
punch. One hand pulls your opponent forward as you execute the punch.
ZA Seated or kneeling.
ZA-REI The traditional Japanese bow from the
ZANSHIN Literally "remaining mind or heart".
Awareness of one's surroundings. Even after a technique has been completed,
one should remain in a balanced and aware state.
ZANSHIN-KAMAE Awareness posture.
ZEMPO Front or forward.
ZEN-EMPI-UCHI Front elbow strike.
Normally called Mae Empi Uchi.
ZENKUTSU-DACHI Forward stance or front
stance. The actual translation means front knee bent stance. The most basic
ZENSHIN (1) Forward or advance.
ZENSHIN (2) Whole (entire) body.
ZORI Japanese slippers.
ZUKAMI An alternative spelling of Tsukami
ZUKI A different spelling of Tsuki.